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PLANTS>>Flowering Plants>>Angiosperms (Magnoliophyta)>>Dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida)>>Dilleniidae>>Capparales>>Capparaceae>>Crateva>>Crateva unilocularis Buch.-Ham.>>
Taxon ID: [462], Crateva unilocularis Buch.-Ham.
Taxonomy Ecology Uses Market Conservation and Management References
Family Name


Taxon Name:

Crateva unilocularis Buch.-Ham., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 15: 121 (1827), T.C. Whitmore in Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 2: 46 (1979).


Crateva religiosa auct. non Forst., Crateva magna (Lour.) DC.; Crateva nurvula Buch.-Ham.

English Name(s):

Garlic pear, Holy garter pear, Sacred garlic pear, Three-leaved caper

Sanskrit Name(s):

Triparna, Varuna, Tiktasak, Asmarighna

Common Nepali Name(s):

Khaainchola, Sipligan, Siplikan

Vernacular Name(s):

Khaicho (Newari)


Other Name(s):

Baruna (Hindi)


Trade Name(s):
Life form/Habit:

A middle sized deciduous tree.


On the open and dry places at forest edge.


Deciduous tree, 3-15 m, young shoots brown, bearing a few long pale lenticels. Leaves palmately 3-foliate; stipues minute, caduceus. Leaflets subcoriaceous, ovate, obovate or elliptic, 7-15 x 4-7 cm, shortly acuminate, middle leaflets largest, symmetrically cuneate at base, lateral ones oblique, rounded at base, glabrous;  petioles 4-13 cm, usually glandular- papillate at apex; petiolules 3-7 mm. Flowers unisexual, in terminal corymbose racemes, appearing with young leaves. Sepals 4, free, valvate. Petals 4, free, sub-equal, clawed at base, cream-coloured. Stamens 12-50, adnate to base of gynophore; filaments purplish, 3-4.5 cm. Ovary 1-celled, ellipsoid or subglobose, brne on a slender gynophore; gynophore 3-4.5 cm. Fruit globose, 3-5.5 cm diameter, fruit wall 6-7 mm thick. Seeds emmersed in pulp, broadly ellipsoid, somewhat compressed, 14-15 x 10-12 x 7-8 mm, smooth34.

Macroscopic characters:
Chromosome number:

Flowering: March - May

Fruiting: May - October

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